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Legal tip 1361. NEW! WON CASE in FIRST INSTANCE COURT AGAINST CLEYTON GES S.L. & BANCO CAM S.A.U. FOR FINCA PARCS BUYERS AT LAS HIGUERICAS
29 January 2016

WON CASE in FIRST INSTANCE COURT AGAINST CLEYTON GES S.L. & BANCO CAM S.A.U. FOR FINCA PARCS BUYERS AT LAS HIGUERICAS

We were extremely pleased to inform our clients today that we had won their case against developer, Cleyton GES S.L. & Banco CAM in the First Instance Court in Hellín.

The 13 claimants were included in Finca Parcs Action Group Lawsuit 2 which was submitted to the Court in December 2012.  The Trial was held in the First Instance Court in Hellín on 28 September 2015.

Just as in Finca Parcs Action Group Lawsuit 1, which was won in the First Instance Court in 2012 and in the Provincial Appeal Court in 2013, the 13 group members in Lawsuit 2 did not receive Individual Guarantees from the developer, Cleyton GES S.L. or from Banco CAM (Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo), the Bank to which their off-plan deposit was paid.


Re: YOUR CASE AGAINST CLEYTON GES S.L. & BANCO CAM S.A.U.
PO xxx/2012

Please find attached the Sentence from the First Instance Court No.3 in Hellín.

Your case against CLEYTON GES S.L. & BANCO CAM S.A.U. has been won.

The final paragraphs of the First Instance Sentence delivered on 28 January 2016 and notified on 29 January 2016 state:



“Fully upholding the Lawsuit filed on behalf of 13 INDIVIDUAL CLAIMANTS against CLEYTON GES S.L. & BANCO CAM S.A.U., on its merit,

a) I must declare cancelled the Purchase Contracts concerning the housing promotion called Finca Parcs Las Higuericas, signed by the claimants and the entity Cleyton Ges S.L. between 14 April 2005 & 21 April 2008.

b) I must condemn jointly CLEYTON GES S.L. to refund to each of the claimants the amounts paid in advance by each one, totalling 449,000 Euro according to the schedule in clause 3 of the Lawsuit plus legal interest on each amount accrued from the date on which the buyers paid to the accounts of Banco CAM until full repayment, subject to the mandatory implementation of interest in Article 576 of the LEC.

c) I must condemn jointly BANCO CAM S.A.U. (formerly Caja del Mediterráneo) to refund to each of the claimants the amounts paid in advance by each one, totalling 449,000 Euro according to the schedule in clause 3 of the Lawsuit plus legal interest on each amount accrued from the date on which the buyers paid to the accounts of Banco CAM until full repayment, subject to the mandatory implementation of interest in Article 576 of the LEC.

d) I must condemn CLEYTON GES S.L. & BANCO CAM S.A.U. to pay the legal costs”


So CLEYTON GES S.L. & BANCO CAM S.A.U. are jointly & severally liable to refund the total amount claimed which is 449,000€ plus legal interest from the date each amount was paid to the developer’s bank accounts opened at Banco CAM.

Legal costs are imposed on Cleyton Ges S.L. & Banco CAM.

Interesting statements by the Judge in the Sentence are:


“With regards to the action against BANCO CAM S.A.U., the dispute is limited to the extent of the obligation of the bank to issue Individual Guarantees according to Article 1 of LEY 57/1968.

From the documentary evidence in the Lawsuit it is established that a Special Account was opened in Banco CAM in addition to 2 other accounts in which the developer, Cleyton GES, deposited amounts paid by the buyers.  The bank manager when questioned in Court at the Trial said that the developer was not diligent when using the 3 accounts.  He said he should have been more careful but admitted that he did not control the concepts of the income and outgoings of the 3 accounts.

In the absence of the Individual Guarantees to secure the buyers amounts deposited, whose delivery has not been contested, the controversy is limited to whether the financial institution is responsible for the failure of the developer to issue the Guarantees.

Sentences issued by the Supreme Court on 16 January 2015, 13 January 2015 &  30 April 2015 confirm the responsibilities of the financial institution including the fact that the obligation to pay the amounts in the special account lies with the seller and not the buyer.

This line of Buyer Protection jurisprudence culminates with the recent Sentence 733/2015 of 21 December 2015 in which the doctrine is set as follows: ‘In off-plan house sales governed by LEY 57/1968 financial institutions that accept income from buyers in an account opened by the developer, without opening a Special Account and requiring the relevant security, must be responsible to the buyers for the total amounts paid into accounts in the financial entity’

This recent doctrine of the Supreme Court not only states that the bank has to require the opening of the Special Account but should also be responsible to the buyers if the corresponding Guarantees are not issued.  So in this case Banco CAM, by not issuing or verifying the existence of the individual guarantees, has incurred responsibility towards the buyers who paid off-plan deposits to the developer accounts opened at its branches.

It has not been established if the bank directed the developer to proceed with the issuing of the Guarantees as required by law or any other security requirement regarding the amounts entered, even though the bank manager when questioned as a witness admitted that there were irregularities in the fate of the money deposited by buyers.  He said I do not know if the developer claimed to have acted according to the law, even though no guarantees were issued by the bank, despite receiving the money into the accounts.

The failure of the entity Banco CAM in its legal obligation to issue the Guarantee/corresponding endorsement, does not exempt it from responding in solidarity together with the developer to pay the amounts delivered under the purchase contracts that have now been resolved”



BANCO CAM S.A.U. has 20 working days from the date of notification of the Sentence, which was 29 January 2016, to comply with the Sentence or to file an Appeal to the Provincial Appeal Court of Albacete.

If an Appeal is filed by BANCO CAM S.A.U. it will be necessary for us to file an Opposition to the Appeal on behalf of the group.

If the defendants fail to comply with the sentence we will enforce the sentence against them.

Even if Banco CAM files an Appeal we will provisionally enforce the First Instance Sentence against it.

Albacete, Eastern Spain

 



 



Like 1        Published at 17:48   Comments (0)


Legal tip 1360. Avoid Tax Surprise after buying a free property
12 January 2016

Let´s start with some Legal info:

What is IBI?

The IBI (Municipal Property Tax) is an annual local tax levied on property, both urban and rural. Collector of this Tax is the Local Council where the property is located.

 How is IBI calculated?

The tax amount is calculated on the cadastral value of the property and determined by such other factors such as surface, specific location...IBI rates vary from town to town, mainly depending on size of the town.

And  now....a question:

How can I, buyer, can be liable of a seller´s failure to pay the tax?

Provision 64 of the Local Taxes Act explains that in the event of transmission of ownership rights of properties, the estate itself will be subject to the tax liability in a subsidiary way under the terms of the General Tax Law.  It means that if the debts are not paid, the Local Council can place an embargo on the property.

 For this purpose, notaries that authorize the signature of a public deed for transmission of ownership will specifically ask and warn regarding:

 

1.     Pending IBI debts on the property.

2.     Deadline for payment of the debt.

3.     Liabilities involved if not paying.

 

Liability is in regards to year of sale and precedent year and is jointly and severally distributed among all co-owners according to Cadastre records.  (Art. 78 of the General Tax Act of 2003 and art. 194 of the Mortgage Law).

And…can I claim against these charges?

Yes, there are some claims possibilities ahead:

1.  Prescribed debts:  Article 66 General Tax Act 58/2003 of 17 December sets an expiration date of 4 years for these tax debts.

2. Revision of procedure which has been followed by the City Council , both  in voluntary and  enforcing period, up to the declaration of failure of the principal debtor.

 

  • WHAT COSTALUZ CAN DO FOR YOU?

Check our offer for property conveyance in Spain  here.

A good, independent lawyer by your side when buying property in Spain can save you hundreds of euros

 

 

A house in the countryside, Casares, Málaga, South eastern Spain

 

 

 



Like 0        Published at 09:24   Comments (0)


Legal tip 1359- Do Law Stablishes Pool schedules in Canary Islands?
08 January 2016

http://www.msssi.gob.es/profesionales/saludPublica/saludAmbLaboral/calidadAguas/piscinas/pdf/CanariasDecretoPisc2009.pdf

http://noticias.juridicas.com/base_datos/CCAA/ic-d212-2005.html

Regional Regulations for Pools safety in Canarias. No mention to opening-closing shedules: matter to be discussed at the Community Meetings

A natural pool in Tenerife, Canary Islands



Like 0        Published at 12:54   Comments (0)


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