All EOS blogs All Spain blogs  Start your own blog Start your own blog 



The Valley of the Fallen
26 August 2018 @ 18:54

This underground church is crowned with a 500-foot cross and seen by many as a symbol of fascism to this very day.

A tragic number of soldiers perished on both sides during the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s. As both a burial monument and as a memorial church, the breathtaking Valley of the Fallen (Valle de Los Caídos) was the creation of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco, and despite its intended purpose, many still see it as a representation of his abuse of power.

The monumental complex is built on and into the slopes of a mountain range and comprises various sections. A courtyard is spread out at the base of the mountain in a wide arc boasting majestic porticoes, while the church is actually built into the hillside. This is also the resting place for Franco himself, though not for long. The 500-foot (152-meter) cross that extends from the tip of the mountaintop is simply titanic with huge figures at its base, it can be seen from miles around. 

On Franco’s orders, the construction of the Valley of the Fallen began in 1940 and continued for 18 years, finally finishing in 1959. The bodies of over 40,000 people who died during the civil war were laid to rest here and Franco hailed his creation as a “work of healing”. Not everyone felt the same, many accusing the leader of forcing political prisoners to labour on the construction, which itself was also seen as a colossally unnecessary and expensive showpiece. Despite the possibly troublesome origins of the Valley of the Fallen, it still manages to retain a monumental sense of awe even if it is a fascist masterpiece.



Last week the government approved a Bill of Law, or Royal Decree, allowing the remains of Franco to be exhumed from the Valley and be moved to another burial place.

A long-running campaign had been calling for Franco to be moved from this enclave which is dedicated to martyrs, heroes, and victims of war and oppression, since he is not considered to be a 'hero' and deserving of the honour of a burial place in such a place.

The law reform makes the exhumation 'urgent' and must be validated in Parliament within a month.
Left-wing parties across Spain voted in favour of the law reform, whilst centre-right Ciudadanos abstained and the right-wing PP voted against, as well as announcing possible legal action against the decision to move Franco on.
Unless Franco's relatives – his grandchildren, following the recent death of his daughter Carmen – specify a burial site which the government approves, then the State will decide where he should be interred.

This will be 'somewhere dignified', as befitting a treasured relative, but not somewhere he would be 'honoured', given the mass torture, death and deprivation of human rights Spain suffered during the 36 years of his dictatorship, from the end of the Civil War in 1939 to the year before his death, which was in 1976.


Like 1


Falcón said:
26 August 2018 @ 21:13

LOVE this article about The Valley of the Fallen because all it is history in Spain but it was forty or more time and not should move to another burial because he is a person that is dead and nobody gobernment to do.

nancybenn said:
27 August 2018 @ 16:15

Thanks for this informaton which otherwise, I'd likely never had known about

Lewis Alan Talbot said:
01 September 2018 @ 09:31

History can not be undone.

phillicr said:
01 September 2018 @ 09:52

Nicely told and illustrated historic article.

Isabel said:
01 September 2018 @ 10:09

First of all, Franco had only one daughter so who is that son named in the article? Secondly, the bodies of 40000 people who “died” during Civil War? Thousands of people who were murdered after the end of the war were taken to this place without their families knowing it. Now they are buried next to a dictator and murderer so easier to take him away, isn’t it? Last but not least, huge amount of public money spent every year to preserve this place where the dictator’s grave has fresh flowers every single day. Enough is enough! We are supposed to be a European democracy!!

JohnD said:
01 September 2018 @ 17:37

The Valley of the Fallen is an awesome place. It is beautiful, architecturally incredible and suitably silent. Everyone should visit it. As a monument to those who lost their lives in the civil war it is only spoilt by the presence of the two graves, one either side of the altar. Now that it at last looks like Franco's remains will be removed, it just leaves those of his compatriot, Rivera, to be relocated to make the monument perfect.

catalanbrian said:
03 September 2018 @ 11:49

If this is supposed to be a memorial to all those killed in the civil war Franco should not be there as he was not. He died many years later. Primo de Rivera was executed for his crimes of Military rebellion and it could be argued that he died in the civil war (I would argue otherwise), but under no circumstances should his remains be kept in a place of honour as they are.

Leave a comment

You don't have to be registered to leave a comment but it's quicker and easier if you are (and you also can get notified by email when others comment on the post). Please Sign In or Register now.

Name *
Spam protection: 
Your comment * (HTML not allowed)
(Items marked * are required)


This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse you are agreeing to our use of cookies. More information here. x