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One of Spain's Most Spectacular Natural settings
Friday, June 24, 2022

The Torcal de Antequera area is one of the best-kept secrets in the national territory of Spain. It has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and is one of the most spectacular natural settings in Europe.

Located in the municipalities of Antequera and Villanueva, in La Concepción in the province of Malaga, this natural area is one of those that has positioned itself among the favourites of travellers who are committed to rural tourism, and who decide to get away from the big cities and crowded coastlines.

Before reviewing its main attractions, it is important to remember that we are talking about a protected natural space within the RENPA ( Red de Espacios Naturales Protegidos de Andalucía)   therefore, those who are passing through must comply with certain mandatory regulations, which are designed precisely to preserve the practically virgin environment.

That being said, the best thing about Torcal de Antequera is its many trails, most of which lead to incredible viewpoints; without forgetting the Torcal Alto Visitor Center, the meeting point for travellers, and the place where the basic services of this area are offered.

There are several ways to enjoy this area, either through a free visit or by hiring a guided tour, in which an expert guides the group through the essential points that must be seen in the area, which makes sense for all first-time visitors.

Additionally, there are other activities, such as astronomical observations, summer night events, and excursion plans suitable and recommended for the whole family. To discover more visit:



At more than 1,200 meters above sea level, the Torcal de Antequera also requires that we take certain precautions before embarking on the getaway, such as buying or renting mountain clothing, especially boots, coats and backpacks to be well prepared. 

With no opening or closing hours, it is always advisable to take the mountain road as soon as the sun rises to make the most of the day. Among its marked trails, which are three, there are two that have been adapted for people with reduced mobility.

Undoubtedly, the El Torcal Natural Park is characterized by the impressive Karstic landscape.

Its formation is due to a process that has lasted several hundred million years. To understand this we must go back some 200 million years, when much of Europe and the Middle East were submerged under the Tethys Sea, a process of carbonate sedimentation begins, caused by the accumulation and deposit of skeletons, shells and shells of marine animals at the bottom of the sea that will last about 175 million years. These sediments have been accumulating and compacting at different levels, forming horizontal strata thousands of meters thick.


Towards the middle Miocene, as a consequence of the thrust between the Iberian plates to the north of the Tethys Sea and the African plate to the south, the accumulated sediments are compressed, deformed and fractured until they emerge in a slow and continuous process that is still ongoing. Once the relief emerged, the prolonged action of meteorological agents such as water, ice and wind on the limestone, modelled the spectacular karstic landscape of El Torcal de Antequera.


The geological structure of the El Torcal Natural Park is another aspect that has favoured the process of limestone dissolution. A large mushroom-shaped fold, with a very wide upper part and horizontal strata, and short, abrupt flanks, limited by important fractures, favours the accumulation of water on the surface and its infiltration. The karst behaves like a large sponge, it stores rainwater and transmits it to the interior, thus favouring underground dissolution, to finally evacuate it back to the outside through its lowest part, along the entire perimeter. The most important spring in The Torch is the Nacimiento de La Villa, located on the north face.

Apart from the karstic landscape that we can all appreciate with a simple glance, we have to take into account the characteristic endokarstic system in this type of terrain and that in El Torcal translates into more than a thousand potholes and caves formed by the dissolution of limestone.


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3 Great Value Wines From Lidl
Tuesday, June 14, 2022

Lidl, the German supermarket chain, has improved its oenological offer and offers a wide variety of good quality red wines at more than affordable prices. They have red wines on their shelves that will surprise you because they are so good for the price you see on the label.


These red wines from Lidl have great scores and belong to Designations of Origin that really support quality. Here are  3 wines that are currently available in Lidl and are really worth trying:


Supernova Wine.


Supernova oak red wine. It achieved  5 stars in the Peñín Guide, indicating that its quality is very good for the price. It belongs to the Designation of Origin Ribera del Duero made in one of the most outstanding wineries, Bodegas Briego. Made with 100% Tempranillo grapes, they make it one of the best young red wines. A perfect wine to pair with smoked dishes, such as salmon, as well as appetizers such as anchovies, roasted peppers, cheese etc.


Castaño Wine. 

Castaño organic red wine. It is a Designation of Origin from Yecla that costs just over 5 euros a bottle at Lidl. Intense cherry red colour. On the nose, it shows notes of fresh fruit (black cherry, plum) and an elegant herbal touch. Really smooth on the palate, and very fruity with long-lasting velvety tannins. It is perfect for pairing seasoned pizzas with tomato sauce and cured cheeses. Spicy chicken wings, oily fish like salmon, and even grilled sardines. Recommended service temperature between 15-16ºC.


Irresistible Wine

Excellent organic red wine. A wine from the Manchuela Denomination of Origin, with a score of 89 in the Peñín Guide. It has a cherry colour with a violet rim and a bright appearance. On the palate, it is powerful, with round and persistent tannins. While, on the nose, it presents aromas of red fruits in compote, floral and balsamic notes. It is a perfect wine to share at family gatherings or with friends while eating pasta, rice dishes, white meats or white cheeses.



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The 7 Plagues of Summer
Friday, June 10, 2022

Some pests are typically summer visitors, such as mosquitoes or flies, but changes in environmental or climatic conditions, as well as the expansion of some species of invasive insects in the context of globalization, are altering and complicating these sanitary controls. The tiger mosquito, rats and bed bugs are some of the most fearsome pests; but there are more... Environmental health professionals are concerned and ask that we don't lose sight of this as things can get out of control very quickly... These are the 7 summer plagues...


1) Rodents

The presence of rodents has risen between 20% and 25%, according to the Catalan Association of Environmental Health Companies of Catalonia (Adepap). "The rats are now more daring and brazen," says Quim Sendra, its president. It is an effect of having gained ground during confinement. The result is the sensation that many citizens now see them twice as much as before.

The changing habits of rats and the increase in restrictions on the use of some biocidal products, added to the great adaptability of rodents and the resistance that sometimes appears makes it increasingly complex to maintain populations below the established tolerance thresholds.

Companies in the sector ask the Ministry of Health for exceptions to relax the restrictions imposed on the use of insecticides.

Rats have space and more food resources in cities; and if its only predator, man, loosens the controls and treatments, the pests will increase, warns Sendra, who is concerned about the risk that the administration's decision to lower their guard and reduce the budgets and the technical personnel dedicated to this task. Rats are very harmful to environmental health since they are carriers of insects or arthropods that can transmit zoonotic diseases.



2) Tiger mosquito


Precipitation in the spring, as well as high temperatures, have created a breeding ground for mosquitoes, creating ideal habitats for the larval stage.

These conditions favour the increase in adult mosquito populations, which are the ones that cause the main discomfort to people with their bites, as well as with the possible transmission of viruses and diseases.

Climate change means that many species are here all year round according to Quim Sendra, president of Adepap, referring to the tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus), which has more diurnal activity than common mosquitoes and reproduces with very little water, stagnant in small spaces most of the year.

Professionals recommend preventing them from creating places conducive to laying eggs and the development of the aquatic larval phase (sewers, drains, sinks, pot trays, drums.)



3) Invasive species

Experts are closely following the recent arrival and expansion in Spain of Aedes japonicus, from the East, and Aedes aegypti, originally from Africa. Both species, along with the tiger mosquito, much more present in our country, are vectors of viruses such as dengue, chikungunya and zika, and there have been cases in humans in Spain.

By the end of summer, it is also expected that there will be an increase in the cases of Asian wasp hives ( Vespa velutina ssp. Nigrithorax ), a predator that attacks the honey bee, with a great capacity for adaptation, and which grows year after year in Spain. However, beekeepers from Girona have recently stated that the installation of more traps to capture Asian wasps in May has reduced the presence of this invader. The stings of this wasp cause intense pain, followed by itching similar to that of a burn.


4) Bed Bugs

The increase of bed bugs comes with tourism. "They travel with the tourists. They don't walk, they don't fly, but they travel through our luggage”, says president of Adepap. Bed bugs ( Cimex lectularius ) arrive at homes in most cases transported in their own clothes or travel bags. The pests of this insect are quite difficult to eliminate, since "during the day they hide in corners, cracks in the wood or folds of clothing, especially in mattresses and sofas, and come out at night to suck blood," says Sendra .


5) Cockroaches

Companies also predict the appearance of cockroach infestations (sewer, brown, oriental, black, and brown, common in homes and restaurants). Adepap emphasizes that to combat pests it is always better to have professionals, since "some misused domestic insecticides can become a problem for people's health, they are not always effective and end up having a high economic cost".


6) Black fly

Black fly (Simuliidae) plagues are located mainly in spaces such as rivers and streams, and often affect municipalities with abundant water flows. Before it was limited to areas such as the Ebro River; but in recent years it has spread to many riverbeds. The black fly bite is very annoying and painful; it can cause severe itching and even edema and requires treatment with antihistamines and antibiotics, in case of infection.


7) Fruit fly

Professionals see it as necessary to exercise extreme vigilance over Drosophila melanogaster, controlling both the food industry and domestic kitchens, since they can carry pathogenic microorganisms, such as Salmonella and Escherichia coli bacteria, attached to the villi of the body and legs, and contaminate in this way food and surfaces on which they perch.



Stay alert and vigilant, the summer is upon us!

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How do Mosquitos find us?
Tuesday, May 17, 2022


Mosquitoes are a nuisance because of their buzzing and biting, but they are also the most deadly animals for humans, due to the transmission of different viruses and parasites.

Some species of these flying killing machines feed exclusively on humans, but to be such a successful feeder, they must have evolved precise targeting mechanisms to distinguish between human and animal scents. Now researchers are finally figuring out how they do it.

A new study published in Nature could answer the question: What do mosquitoes detect and how do they detect it?

The team created genetically modified Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, vectors of Zika virus, dengue virus, yellow fever virus, and chikungunya virus, using CRISPR-Cas9. These transgenic insects had brains that lit up when active, allowing scientists to image the brains in high resolution. The researchers then fed human- and animal-scented air to the mosquitoes through a wind tunnel to determine what attracted the insect's attention.

Human odour is made up of many different compounds, and these same compounds are also present in most mammalian odours, but in different proportions. Previous research has found that the compounds alone are not attractive to mosquitoes, so determining the exact ratios of the attractive compounds is a challenge.

The team used the scent of 16 humans, two rats, two guinea pigs, two quail, one sheep and four dogs to stimulate the mosquito's appetite. The way they collected these samples was quite interesting. For the sheep, they had a farm donate several fleeces, and for the dogs, they visited a grooming salon and collected clipped dog hair.

For the human samples, they had a lot of great volunteers according to study author Jessica Zung. They asked them not to bathe for a few days, and then they undressed and lay down in a Teflon bag.

Once they recovered all of these odours, they designed a clever system to inject the genetically modified mosquitoes with odours into the imaging setup area.

The mosquito brain has 60 nerve centres called glomeruli, and the team originally hypothesized that most of these centres would be involved in helping the mosquito find its next meal and distinguish human from animal scents, but it turned out to be all that contrary.

"When I first saw the brain activity, I couldn't believe it, only two glomeruli were involved," said Zhilei Zhao, a member of the research team. "That contradicted everything we expected, so I repeated the experiment several times, with more humans, and more animals. I just couldn't believe it. It's so simple," Zhao added.

Through experiments, it was determined that mosquitoes detect two chemicals (decanal and undecanal), which are enriched by human odour and likely originate from unique human skin lipids rather than sweat.

Overall, this collaborative research can help the development of new repellents, allowing us all to enjoy the nice outside air without the fear of these nasty bugs stealing our blood.

But in the meantime, there is, however, a natural remedy that can keep insects at bay in our home. A basil plant on our window sill will drive away mosquitoes.

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Have you ever done this? You could be fined...
Friday, May 13, 2022

On more than one occasion, when looking for a parking space in the street you will have come across a person without a vehicle standing in a space and 'saving' that space for some other car - or maybe that was even you standing there!

This is a situation that tends to generate conflict and many times arguments as to who should occupy the parking space. So where does the law stand with this? Is it legal or not?

The Law on Traffic and Road Safety specifies that "as long as there is a safe area, a pedestrian area or some other suitable space, pedestrians may not remain immobile on a hard shoulder or on a road, not even while waiting for a vehicle, they must remain in this safe area until the vehicle reaches their position."

Therefore, what the law is saying is that this is an action that is not permitted.  Although it is common and many people do it, blocking a site for a friend or family member is not allowed and the vehicle that wants to park can do so legally. The problem arises if the person occupying the parking space is not willing to move away.

The solution may be to call the police, since invading the road or crossing it in an inappropriate manner carries a fine of 80 euros.

Another less frequent 'trick' but also carried out by some people is to park the vehicle incorrectly, occupying two spaces by exceeding the line that delimits each space. In this case, if a person reports what happened, the tow truck can proceed to remove the vehicle and impose a fine of 80 euros up to 200.

Something to think about...

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A watch tower where you would least expect it...
Tuesday, May 3, 2022


A part of one of the oldest towers in Madrid is nestled among the cars in a nondescript underground car park. Stumbling upon it is a treat for those looking for a place to park before heading to the Royal Palace in Madrid.

The Tower of Bones (la Torre de los Huesos) was built in the 11th century by the area’s Muslim inhabitants. It received its name because it was near Huesa del Raf, the ancient Islamic cemetery. The tower was built two centuries after the 9th-century construction of the walls of Mayrit, the medieval Muslim city that predates the Spanish one.

The looming structure was situated outside the citadel, where it functioned as a surveillance post over the old Arenal stream. When King Alfonso VI of Castile conquered Madrid in the early 11th century, the watchtower was incorporated into the Christian wall.



The Royal Palace now occupies the space the tower was built to guard. Bits of its base were discovered in 1996 during renovation work on the Plaza de Oriente by workers constructing an underground parking lot. The partially preserved remains are on display where they were found.

The carpark is situated in front of the Royal Palace in the heart of Madrid. The nearest tube station is "Opera."



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Pozo Azul- A Never-ending Cave?
Friday, April 29, 2022


One of the best plans to enjoy free time is to make a getaway to the countryside. Contact with nature greatly reduces stress and anxiety, while strengthening the immune system and increasing self-esteem and the ability to concentrate. In Spain, there are many spots that stand out for their great beauty, and one of the most interesting is the Pozo Azul, a spring with turquoise blue waters.



El Pozo Azul is located in the town of Covanera, in the province of Burgos, south of the Cantabrian Mountains. It is one of the main tourist attractions of the Rudrón Valley. The cave is submerged under the mountain, so it is a very popular place for cave divers from all over the world.

So far, 13 kilometres of the tunnel have been discovered, and experts believe (although they have not yet been able to prove it) that it is the longest underwater cave in all of Spain. It was in the middle of the 20th century when they began to explore the Pozo Azul.



During the spring and summer months, many residents of the area and visitors take advantage of the cold and crystal clear waters of the Pozo Azul to cool off.

Especially noteworthy is the high quality of the waters, and a good example of its purity is the trout that live in the spring. The temperature of the waters does not vary throughout the year, and always ranges between nine and eleven degrees. So very refreshing!

Getting to the Pozo Azul is very simple since there is a route that starts from the town of Covanera. The spring has a diameter of eight meters and a depth of ten meters. In addition, it has several underwater caves whose access is reserved for cave diving professionals.

Another unusual thing about this place is the species of aquatic fauna that have been found since the mid-20th century, accredited by the National Museum of Natural Sciences in 1983.

Covanera is a small town in Burgos, with just 20 inhabitants, which belongs to the municipality of Tubilla del Agua. Its most important monument is the Church of Santa María.

Half an hour by car is Poza de la Sal, one of the most beautiful villages in Burgos. A visit to the Salinas Interpretation Center, which is located in the old Administration House of the Reales Salinas, is essential. It is also interesting to see the Castillo de Los Rojas and the Plaza Nueva.



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Vega Sicilia - 40 Years
Friday, April 22, 2022


April 15, 1982 was a historic day for the world of wine. That day, David Álvarez and the Venezuelan businessman Hans Neuman closed, in the Zalacaín restaurant, one of those agreements that are already part of popular culture: the sale for more than 450 million pesetas of the legendary Vega-Sicilia, a winery on the banks of el Duero with more than a century of history. Julio Iglesias himself has said that at some point they also offered it to him. But he didn’t end up buying it.  Pablo Álvarez was then the next generation of the family who, in 1985, at just 31 years old, would take over the reins of the business.

The 40-year celebration of Vega-Sicilia catches its peak at an enviable moment, with the firm being a true benchmark of luxury and diversifying purchases with prestigious wineries: Alión, Oremus, Pintia, Macan and Benjamin de Rothschild in Rioja amongst others.

However, in the beginning, not everything was that easy. "If Vega-Sicilia were born today, without apologies or mythifications, we would appreciate a wine of good colour and body honestly aged and of a responsible vintage, but that in a tasting would be lost among the 15 best Spanish reds, which is enough", wrote the critic José Peñín in the mid-1980s. Added to this was the story of David Álvarez, owner of Eulen —an expert company in logistics, security, cleaning and maintenance, for which they were viewed with suspicion by the wine families of the time.



It is true that when they came from abroad they knew they had no experience in wine, but they learned from the people at the winery, and these businesses are sometimes so closed-off to the outside that one can lose perspective of what you see from the outside and the David Álvarez instilled a new perspective to revive the winery and take it to new levels.

That was positive because they approached the world of wine by observing and seeing what worked. Álvarez instilled a way of working in which respect for nature, the recovery of old vines and a commitment to excellence were not yet the norm for the great Spanish houses. And always with a policy of quotas and sales restricted to customers. They are called “Kabuki" or "El Corte Inglés". They have never sold more than what the vineyard could produce, around 200,000 bottles per vintage. Thus preserving their identity and quality. What they have achieved though, is being in more countries. They have gone from the five they originally had to now being in more than 150.



Every year there is three times more demand than supply. And the number multiplies, as does the price of their bottles. A Vega-Sicilia Único Especial in the 1980s was worth 5,000 pesetas (about 30 euros in exchange), which can now be found in an online wine store like Lavinia for no less than 400 euros. Wines like Único 2007 were served during Barack Obama's visit to Cuba for the first time, entertained by Raúl Castro at the Palace of the Cuban Revolution

Primum Familiae Vini is an association made up of 11 of the most important winery families in the grape empire, where they play a determining role. It can only be accessed by invitation and unanimously, they must be centuries old, have their own vineyards and excellent quality wines. Among them, in addition to Vega-Sicilia, are Marchesi Antinori, from Italian Tuscany, founded in 1385, with 26 generations behind it; Pol Roger champagne, created in 1849; Baron Philippe de Rothschild, from the Bordeaux region and Bodegas Torres, the other Spanish producer, which appeared in 1870.

The events planned to celebrate these 40 years range from a meeting of its main distributors and importers around the world to a tasting called "40 Magnums for 40 years", with the best magnums from Vega-Sicilia (Único, Valbuena and Reserva Especial) at Celler de Can Roca. In addition to the launch of a limited edition box with seven wines from Tempos Vega Sicilia, the business conglomerate has brought together all the satellite wineries from Ribera del Duero.

Álvarez continues to see himself at the top, but he thinks that you have to know how to retire on time. At your best. That's important, even if it's sad. He is currently looking for someone to carry the baton forward, but he’s not in a rush.

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Four people who made Marbella what it is today
Wednesday, March 30, 2022



The city of Marbella on the Costa del Sol – often called the Spanish Riviera – is globally recognised as an exclusive holiday destination and summer residence for the rich and famous. It’s been associated with celebrities past and present including Sean Connery and Sophia Loren, Rod Stewart and Antonio Banderas, Simon Cowell and Alan Sugar, Roman Abramovich and Vladimir Putin.

From its humble beginnings as an ancient Moorish town, Marbella has transformed itself from a fishing and farming village into a major tourist destination and commercial centre over the last 50 years or so. Today, the city’s attractions go far beyond its uniquely mild climate and over 25km of golden sandy beaches – there are over 10 golf courses, 3 marinas, luxury hotels aplenty and all the shopping, eating and entertaining you could possibly wish for.

But how did Marbella get to become so rich and famous? Looking back to the end of World War II, 4 influential men are largely responsible for making Marbella what it is today.

  1. Prince Alfonso von Hohenlohe

Marbella was ‘discovered’ by Prince Alfonso and his father, the German Prince Maximilian von Hohenlohe-Langenburg. Allegedly, they visited the area in 1947 for a picnic when their Rolls Royce broke down. Alfonso fell in love with the charming fishing village, bought some land for himself and some wealthy friends and built a house, Finca Margarita.

When the residence became increasingly popular as the holiday ‘go to’ for Alfonso’s circle of well-to-do friends, the shrewd businessman turned it into the Costa del Sol’s first luxury hotel. Having persuaded a distant German cousin, Count Rudolf von Schönburg, to manage the new hotel for him, the Marbella Club opened its doors in 1954.

Alfonso was well connected to Europe’s ruling elite, so promoting the Club to wealthy industrialists, bankers and aristocrats proved spectacularly successful. Hollywood stars including Audrey Hepburn and James Stewart started to arrive in increasing numbers, adding more glitz and glamour, and the Marbella Club on what is now known as the Golden Mile, became the epicentre of the city’s rising fortunes.

  1. King Fahd of Saudi Arabia

The 1970s and 1980s saw an even sharper upturn in Marbella’s popularity and development as an international luxury tourist destination. This was largely due to the influence of the then Prince Fahd of Saudi Arabia (who became King in 1982) who took a shine to the area, believing it to be ‘a land blessed by Allah’. He purchased land and built an extravagant residence in the city. Mar-Mar Palace is a compound reminiscent of the White House in Washington, complete with a private clinic and a mosque.

King Fahd’s virtually unlimited spending during his visits to Marbella are the stuff of legend. Bringing with him a royal entourage of thousands of staff, he loved to spend most summers in Marbella. And spend he did – in fact, King Fahd is said to have boosted the local economy to the tune of 40-80 million euros per year! With those kind of numbers, it is no exaggeration to say that the Arab King single-handedly transformed the economic fortunes of Marbella and the surrounding Costa del Sol.

King Fahd’s contribution to the city’s wealth was recognised by naming a public garden (Jardin del Rey Fahd) and a street (Boulevard del Rey Fahd) after him following his death in 2005, in addition to honouring his passing with 3 days’ official mourning.

While Fahd’s successors have chosen not to continue the same level of elaborate spending in the Costa del Sol, subsequent visits by the family have still generated millions of euros for Marbella.

  1. José Banus

In 1970, a local property developer decided to embark on a major project on the Costa del Sol, southwest of Marbella. Puerto Banus, as it is now famously known, was the brainchild of José Banus who saw a commercial opportunity to provide Marbella’s international elite with an exclusive marina complex.

Guided by his architects, Banus was persuaded to change his original designs to build spectacular skyscrapers in the area, opting for a more traditional architectural style in keeping with the Mediterranean character of a quaint Andalusian fishing village.

To say that the development was a success would be a massive understatement. Puerto Banus is now one of the largest entertainment centres on the Costa del Sol, boasting 5 million visitors per year with a raft of A-list celebrities among them.

  1. Jesus Gil y Gil

The flamboyant Spanish businessman and politician Jesus Gil was Mayor of Marbella between 1991 and 2002. Having made his fortune in the construction industry, including serving a prison sentence for his part in the collapse of one of his ‘urbanisation’ developments, he also served as president of Atletico Madrid Football Club.

Politically, Gil was a controversial figure who held extreme right-wing views. Not unlike President Trump, some would argue, his personal brand contained elements of low brow populism, self-aggrandisement, misogyny, homophobia and xenophobia. He was an outspoken, foul-mouthed critic and a Franco sympathiser.

A well-connected business tycoon, Gil continued to develop Marbella commercially with infrastructure and offices, while promoting the city further as a luxury resort. Parks and golf courses, cultural centres and sports arenas all flourished during his tenure as Mayor.




Author: Dakota Murphey

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How does drinking beer everyday affect the body?
Friday, March 18, 2022

Drinking a very cold beer on a hot summer day can be an incomparable pleasure. But not only in the summer season is this drink present in our lives, throughout the year beer is the king of concoctions and competes fiercely with wine for first place in Spain.

The importance of beer in Spain is total. In recent years, moreover, the production of all kinds of this concoction has increased exponentially with hundreds of varieties for all tastes.

From classic blonde beers to IPAs to the most modern, there are many types of beer that we can find in bars and supermarkets. Even the arrival of new craft varieties of this drink in establishments has taken beer to a new level.

Spain is one of the countries that consumes the most beer. Even so, it is far from other countries like Slovakia that dominate the lists of maximum lovers of this drink.

This concoction has thousands of years behind it. There are documents that prove that beer was already present in ancient Egypt, a fact that makes it one of the drinks with the longest history in the world. Since then, the passion for this fermentation, that has true lovers, has not stopped growing.

Although its popularity is total, it is still an alcoholic beverage. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), this type of concoction should be limited to about 20 grams daily, the equivalent of two glasses of wine or beer for men. Even so, many experts advise against this recommendation and call for completely eliminating alcohol or making it occasional.

Thus, if we decide to consume beer or alcohol every day, we must take into account the effects on the body that these will generate. Several studies have analysed the possible damage of this over the years.

Although it is true that the intake of this drink can favour in some contexts, there are more negative effects than positive ones. Even so, a Spanish study managed to show that within a healthy diet, a controlled intake of beer could help in a certain way to fight against cardiovascular diseases. Which may be a good enough excuse for most people!

However, it should be noted that this is an exception. The effects of drinking beer and alcohol on a daily basis have a long list of negatives. The first is an increased risk of depression according to different studies that analysed regular and sporadic drinkers.

In addition, daily consumption is also related to obesity, liver disease and cancer. More than 30 grams a day clearly increases the appearance of cirrhosis and cancer, especially in the throat and mouth.

In relation to calories, each beer provides around 150 calories, something that can lead to a lack of control if you do not have a varied and healthy diet. Stomach upset is also linked to this drink on a daily basis. Damage to the stomach or oesophagus is two of the most common.

Finally, daily consumption is also directly related to the increased risk of death. Heavy and problem drinkers tend to have higher premature deaths than those who drink occasionally or do not consume alcohol at all. 



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