As a member of the EU you do not need to apply for a Spanish license (as long as it is a photo-card style licence). If you do not have a license or are a non-EU citizen you must take a driving test in order to obtain a Spanish license.
Driving to Spain
There are three routes by which a vehicle can be transported from the UK to Spain:
- Portsmouth to Bilbao, with P&O Ferries
- Plymouth to Santander, with Brittany Ferries.
- Folkestone to Calais, with EuroTunnel and then drive through France to Spain.
Advice for Driving in Spain
- 120km/h on motorways
- 100 km/h on dual carriageways.
- 90km/h on single carriageways.
- 50 km/h in towns.
The Guardia Civil constantly do road-side checks all over Spain. They can be strict and can issue on the spot fines.
You will be fined for the following:
- Drink driving.
- Using a mobile phone whilst driving.
- Not wearing a seat belt.
- Not having a valid ITV sticker.
- Seating a small child in the front passenger seat.
- Driving through a red light.
Be aware of:
- "L" signs (inexperienced drivers).
- Police, fire trucks and ambulances as they have the right of way on all roads.
- Traffic lights – flashing amber is a warning to proceed with caution.
- The driver and all passengers must wear seatbelts.
The roadside SOS phones connect you to the nearest police station.
For your safety you are required by law to carry:
- Two warning triangles
- A spare tyre and tools
- A set of bulbs,
- A reflective jacket
- Spare glasses (if the driver wears them).
The toll roads are a fantastic way of bypassing traffic as they are almost always empty and consequently, they are safer too especially in poor weather conditions. The AP7 is the toll road running across the Costa del Sol beginning near San Roque at Guadiaro and ending in Benalmadena. Be careful not to confuse it with the A7, more commonly known as the N-340 as it was once named. It is very easy to find yourself on the toll road against your intention. Electronic signs are now used along the coast to guide traffic onto the correct roads, but be careful to get into the right lane as you are not given much notice.
The toll roads accept cash to manual toll collectors and credit/ debit cards via machines in specific lanes. You can also acquire a “tag” card that allows you to drive straight through. You can order one of these through the toll company or at any Unicaja branch.
Registering your car in Spain
If you coming to live in Spain, it is easier to sell your car in the UK and buy a new one in Spain. However, the relocation process is an expensive one and when you are trying to keep expenditure to a minimum, this might not be an option. As a tourist you are allowed to bring in your car for six months and you can extend this for a further six months. Once you decide to stay permanently, you need to:
Send the vehicle’s registration documents to the DVLA in the UK. This will be exchanged for a certificate of permanent export. (V561) • Pay IVA (VAT) of 16% if the vehicle is less than 6 months old.
Pay import duty of 10%
Pay the Special Registration Tax (impuesto sobre circulacion de vehiculos) calculated at 12% of the vehicle’s value. You can avoid this by submitting a certificate of non-residence, which can be obtained from a UK embassy.
Apply for an import license from the Ministry of Economics and Finance (Ministerio de Economia y Hacienda)
Have an ITV test (see below) to confirm that the car complies with Spanish safety standards and emission tests.
ITV – Vehicle Inspection
Inspection points can be found in over fifty major towns and cities in Andalucia.
All private vehicles are exempt from inspection for the first four years, and then go in every two years until they are ten years old. After ten years they must be checked annually.
The purpose of the inspection is to ensure that all vehicles are road worthy with regards to safety features such as lights, indicators, horn and seat belts.
Features affecting public safety are checked including breaks, hazard lights and emissions.
Road Tax (impuesto municipal sobre vehiculos de traccion mecanica) must be paid annually, between March and May, to your local town hall.
This is where you will feel a real saving compared to your UK premiums. In Spain, the car is registered not the driver, which is handy if you need to let other people borrow your car. Please note that a car registered in the UK must be insured by a UK-based insurer and not with a Spanish company.