Spain Homeowners Face Squeeze as Mortgage Rates Rise
02 September 2010 @ 18:48
Spanish homeowners will face higher mortgage repayments after the benchmark rate for loans last month posted its first annual gain since October 2008.
The benchmark rate for most of the country’s home loans, 12-month Euribor, rose to 1.42 percent in August from 1.33 percent a year earlier, the Bank of Spain said today on its website. That will further stretch the finances of Anabel Ruiz, who already spends two-thirds of her 1,000 euro ($1,271) monthly salary on making payments on a 30-year mortgage that runs until 2036.
“It’s going to make a desperate situation even more critical,” said Ruiz, 43, who works in an accounts department. “It could mean I lose my apartment and we all end up living under a bridge.”
Because almost nine out of every 10 new Spanish mortgages are floating rate, increases in Euribor may start to squeeze demand in an economy struggling to emerge from the deepest recession in 60 years. Higher mortgage payments as loans start to reset come as Spanish households adjust to an increase in sales taxes and a jobless rate above 20 percent.
“It’s another headwind for Spain among many,” said Kenneth Wattret, chief euro-area economist at BNP Paribas. “The turning point for interest rates can present a problem.”
Repossession petitions handled by the Spanish courts jumped to 27,621 in the first quarter, from 23,433 a year earlier and 5,688 in the same period of 2007, according to data from the General Council of the Judicial Power.
Repayments on a mortgage of 171,000 euros, the average size of a home loan in Madrid according to the government’s statistics institute, would rise by 7 euros a month as a result in the increase in Euribor, assuming a 20-year repayment term and a spread for the loan of 50 basis points over Euribor.
Euribor may rise to 2 percent over the course of next year, said David Cano, a partner at Analistas Financieros Internacionales, a Madrid-based economic consultancy firm in a phone interview. At 2 percent, mortgage repayments would increase by about 50 euros a month, according to a simulation calculator on the website of the Spanish mortgage association.
“In macro-economic terms the impact probably is not going to be significant,” said Cano. “The risk is that it has a psychological effect.”
After reaching a record high of 5.39 percent in July 2008, the Euribor rate plunged to 1.22 percent in March this year.
Spanish mortgage lending soared during Spain’s construction boom, surging more than fivefold from 1999 to 626 billion euros at the end of March this year, according to central bank data.
Read more: Blomberg.com