200 years ago, Cadiz was the only mainland city that had resisted the French invaders. In its buildings, deputies from Spain and Spanish America passed the First Constitution, the origin of the rights and duties of the Constitutions of both sides of the Atlantic.
Cadiz is the most American of the spanish cities.And the most colonial.And the most bright.And the most Atlantic.This year Cadiz celebrates the bicentennial of the enactment of the first Constitution, adopted on March 18, 1812, in the only one peninsular city that was not then occupied by the french invaders. Two hundred years later, the discussion of the liberal deputies have returned to the streets and squares of the old city.Those scenaries have opened their doors to welcome, this year, tens of social and cultural events, recall rights and duties contained in the first Constitution.
Cadiz has opened a cultural and tourist route in honor of that historic event. It runs through the old city, Inland Gate, between the Ocean and the Bay, by the eighteenth-century streets and squares that year reached nearly two hundred members welcome pro-ceding from Spain and Spanish America.
The center of that debate was the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, a symbolic place in the center heart of the old city, between Tower Tavira and the Square San Antonio.In it was sealed the Magna Letter and the deputies cheered his promulgación.The facade of the building is covered with marble tombstones in memory of the deputies inside from the twelve year and even seem to hear the echoes of those political sessions, which began on September 14, 1811 and ended September 14 - 1813.The books of the sessions collected 1.478 discussions, which took place inside the temple, elliptical, open six chapels and rebuilt after the Lisbon earthquake history 1755.The History tells that the Cortes of Cadiz were formed with only 95 deputies cause of the difficulties in transit through a country at war .. However, the efforts of the liberal deputies made the approval of La Pepa, was popularly known as the text, adopted the day of St. Joseph (March 19 ), will add 184 deputies that day.
"Oratorio de San Felipe de Neri", Cádiz, South of Spain,by Christian y Sergio, at flickr.com
There are few places in the world that can boast a twin town.Cadiz has it across the Atlantic Ocean.It is The Havana, the capital of Cuba, to which it bears an amazing resemblance. Many of deputies arrived at the Spanish city, two hundred years ago, came from Hispanoamerica.Therefore, the Constitution of Cadiz was the starting point for the rest of constitutional texts, which were adopted across the world. Indian and colonial character that lives in every corner of Cadiz, which also boasts the oldest city in the West, with over three thousand years of history.
San Antonio is the aristocratic and bourgeois large square, square, sunny setting for games and meetings of heated political discussions for two hundred years, the gateway to a baroque church and a set of stately palaces, among which the Casino from Cadiz, the Aramburu´s house or the Peman`s house.The Square San Antonio derived Broad Street, which is an invitation to walk slowly, to snoop on the occupants of the old bookstores and convenience stores, businesses and nineteenth-century former headquarters of newspapers that were printed to be read here and there in Cadiz and in colonial America.
"Cádiz - patio neomudejar du casino de cadix, plaza de San Antonio", Cadiz, South of Spain, at flickr.com
Palaces such as the County Council also keep memory of those years and the monuments to the Cortes, in his sculptures reflect a bygone grandezas.Cádiz allegories also is a city of walls, bastions, malls and parks that still show the botanical catalogs brought the world.The New Walls of San Carlos, facing the bay, linking the Plaza of Spain with the Alameda Apodaca, and defenses for decades protected the city from the threat of French fleets, English and canyons topped holandesa.Aquellos today the corners of the blocks, like the paving of the streets were once stone ballast of ships.
There is a church registered with the constitutional route, dedicated to the Virgen del Carmen, where the texts say that it was sung the Te Deum in thanksgiving for the conclusion of the text magno.The voices of deputies are not listened, now that the traveler penetrates the solitude of his beautiful ships.But, there is in it, in its baroque altar, chapels flanking the Epistle and the Gospel, a sense that time has past and that Cadiz is anchored in those dazzling years everything was done and it seemed possible to achieve the dream.
Getting to Cadiz:
For the N-IV (Madrid-Cadiz), saving the Lion Bridge of Carranza.The AP-4 binds Seville and Cadiz.El nearest airport is Jerez de la Frontera.Los RENFE train travelers leave next Earth Gate, entrance to the walled city.
When to go to Cadiz:
Cadiz is a constant invitation, along the year.But in February held the famous Carnival of international interest in the performance of jokes, parades and coros.The grateful Spring is a time and summer is not as hot as in the Andalucia's interior.You have to be prevented the east winds, raging for days and during the ride uncomfortably.
Where to stay in Cadiz:
SOUTH PATAGONIA: Central, comfortable, modern and a bit bohemian burlon.It is one of the hotels most daring of Cadiz.
VICTORIA BEACH: Innovador.A building on the beach, with blue-glass terraces ..
ARGANTONIO: Small house of the SXIX, that mixes Andalusian art with architecture of the old houses in Cadiz.
Where to eat in Cadiz:
EL FARO DE CADIZ (THE LIGHTHOUSE OF CADIZ): Calle San Felix, 15.Es one of the best tables in the provincia.En he must taste the prawns from Sanlucar, Almadraba tuna and rice dishes.
CASA MANTECA (CHELSEA HOUSE): Street Corralón of cars, 1. Eating large hearth in the narrow streets of the typical neighborhood of Vine.
BALANDRO (SLOOP): Alameda Apodaca, 22.Situated in an unique place.Its kitchen mix-ing creativity and tradition.
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